Sunrise Alarm Clock

A wake-up light. Built with Elixir and Nerves. Running on a Raspberry Pi Zero.

The Hardware | The Software | Testing

Sunrise Alarm Clock

This is a wake-up light that simulates the sunrise by gradually increasing the brightness of its LED lamp during a configurable span before the alarm time.

In theory this should stimulate your body to wake up in the morning in a more pleasant way, instead of being torn from sleep by a loud alarm bell. Works for me, but maybe not for you, since everybody is a different kind of sleeper.

These wake-up lights are produced by a number of manufacturers, but here we are building our own using a Raspberry Pi, a handful of electronic components, the programming language Elixir and Nerves , an Elixir framework for developing embedded systems.

Elixir is a functional language and allows us to easily spawn a separate process for each component in our hardware design. If a process fails, it will be automatically restarted by one of our supervisor processes. This enhances the testability and the reliability of our embedded systems. Nerves abstracts from the underlying hardware, which improves testability even more, by allowing us to replace the real hardware modules with simulated ones. Nerves also contains a complete build chain, that generates a Linux image which can be directly copied onto an SD card.

The firmware for this project is described in more detail on the next page .

Hardware parts list for this project

Schematics

The circuit is quite simple. Every IO device (except for the buttons) is connected to the I2C bus. The buttons are connected directly to GPIO pins (with pull-up resistors). The 16x2 display is controlled by the PCF8754 IO expander. A metal plate at the back of the wake-up light is connected to CS1 of the touch sensor controller CAP1293. The LED0 open collector output of the PCA9530 directly controls the backlight LED of the display. LED1 is inverted by a BC547 (choose any npn low power transistor you like) and then drives a TIP110 power transistor (choose any npn power transistor you like). The current through the LEDs and the TIP110 is limited with a >= 1W resistor (i'm simply using some 1/4 W resistors in parallel). The exact value of this resistor depends on the type of LEDs you are using. In my case 3 white LEDs are connected in series (and 8 of these in parallel). The voltage drop across the resistor is ~3V and i chose the current to be ~200mA. So in my case a 15 Ohm resistor did the job.

Optionally you can connect a USB to serial converter to the RX/TX pins of the Raspberry Pi. You can then use a terminal program like picocom to get access to a shell and don't need to connect any monitor or keyboard.

Schematics

The KiCad schematic files can be found in the sunrise-alarm-clock-kicad sub-directory of the projects GitHub repository .

Adapter Boards for CAP1293 and PCA9530

The PCA9530 is contained in a TSSOP8 package that can easily be soldered on an adapter PCB. The CAP1293 is only available in a tiny TDFN package (2mm x 3mm). A USB microscope comes in handy when soldering this part. I've mounted these chips on small perfboards with pin headers that fit into a breadboard, and later into standard socket headers (you can also get prefabricated adapter boards from suppliers like Adafruit or Sparkfun). I recommend that you look out for an alternative touch sensor chip in bigger package. Soldering this one is doable, but it's a pain in the arse.

Adapter Board CAP1293 Adapter Board PCA9530

Prototyping

The above circuit is the result of an incrementally enhanced prototype built on a breadboard.

Prototyping

Final Build

PCB

I didn't bother to layout and create a PCB for this project. If you have such a small number of connections and only a handful of components, it is much faster to simply put everything on a perfboard. And since i already soldered the SMD parts onto adapter boards, standard header sockets can be used to hold these chips.

PCB

The big connector on top of the Raspberry connects to a SD card holder on the bottom of the clock. Sometimes i had trouble to update the firmware over WLAN. So i wanted a way to replace the SD card without opening the clock case.

LED light

I destructured a 12V LED lamp so that it fits nicely into the flat wall lamp. The constant current circuit was salvaged, but not used in this project.

LED Light 1 LED Light 2

LED Light 3

The final result

I put everything in a wooden case. The wall lamp goes on top. The Display and four big buttons to the front. The back contains a connector for the 12V wall plug power supply, the serial port connector, the contrast potentiometer and a metal plate for the touch sensor.

Final Build Inside Final Build Back Final Build Front

Next: The Software

This page was last updated on 27. March 2017